An intervertebral disc is replaced with a device that may preserve mobility between the lumbar vertebrae in a disc prosthesis, also known as a lumbar intervertebral disc arthroplasty. In disc prosthesis surgery, the intervertebral disc is replaced as a joint segment.
Why is it done?
Patients who have early intervertebral disc degeneration, also known as degenerative lumbar disc disease, or disc instability, also known as hypermobility, should have this operation. The fundamental benefit of this procedure is that it preserves spinal mobility even in situations of severe disc degeneration. Following the procedure, the patient will be able to resume leading a normal life and engage in the physical and sporting activities they used to do before the disorder developed.
What does it consist of?
This technique calls for or entails inserting an artificial disc into the gap left by the removed injured or harmed intervertebral disc. The implanted disc is made to maintain mobility across the spinal column and disc space. With the ability to rotate, extend, and flex as well as align in the curvature and height of a natural disc, its anatomical form is intended to work like a natural joint. A five-centimeter incision is made in the anterior or lateral area of the neck to execute the treatment minimally invasively. Once at the spine, the surgeon makes the area to be treated more accessible by removing the disc and the surrounding bone to give the neuralgic structure more room. This technique is called discectomy and decompression. Then, the disc prosthesis is inserted and fixed in the space that has been created.
Preparing for the disc prosthesis
As with any surgery, the patient will be checked and evaluated by the doctor before the process begins. On the day of the procedure, the patient often arrives at the clinic on an empty stomach. He will be sent to the recovery area where he will be kept under surveillance following the procedure, which lasts around an hour.
If the procedure went smoothly and there were no issues, the patient would typically stay in the hospital for a few days under supervision before having the drains taken out. The patient is typically discharged on the third day and is already able to perform most of his or her daily activities, albeit with some caution and depending on the physical demands of those activities. The stitches are removed ten to fifteen days after the procedure, and outpatient rehabilitation will continue. After the procedure, the patient won’t be able to resume living a normal life in full until about two months later.
Surgery to fuse the vertebrae using screws and plates is the primary alternative to disc replacement. Despite the vertebrae being fixed, fusion surgery has positive benefits. Consult an orthopedic and surgical specialist for more information.
If you are willing to do such an operation, the best advice is to rely on experts, but who? Without a doubt the most qualified in this field are the specialists at adrspine.com who will be able to follow you step by step from the analysis of your specific situation to the operation